Questions and Answers
What is a 'Key Word Transfomation'?It's a sentence followed by a ‘key’ word and a second sentence with a gap in the middle.
What do I have to do?You have to use the key word to complete the second sentence, using three to six words, so that it means the same as the first sentence. You mustn't change the key word.
Can you give me an example?Sure. Look at the following sentence:It's not possible that Ann was wearing a hijab, she's not even religious.Below this, we see the word 'have'. So we need to use 'have' in the second sentence, which has a gap:
Ann ___________ in a hijab, she's not even religious.We can forget about the second half of the sentence, 'she's not even religious' because it's the same in both sentences. The next thing to notice is 'It's not possible that Ann' in the first sentence. We can see that the second sentence begins with 'Ann' followed by a space. So What expression with 'have' has the same meaning as 'It's not possible that'? But there's something else to notice too. In the first sentence, we have 'was wearing a hijab', but in the second sentence it's 'in a hijab'. We can't say 'wearing in a hijab' so we need to change the verb 'wearing' to a verb that can be followed by 'in.
So what's the answer to this example?'It's not possible that Ann' changes to 'Ann couldn't have been'. 'wearing a hijab' changes to 'dressed in a hijab'.
So we have: 'couldn't have been dressed'
How many questions are there?There are 6 questions with a possible 12 marks. (2 marks for each question) You can still get 1 mark for a partially correct sentence, so always try to write something.
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None of my clothes were there when I got out of the water.
By ____________ of the water, all my clothes had gone.
I didn’t realise he’d completely shaved my head until he’d finished.
Only __________ I realise he’d completely shaved my head.
Don’t waste your money buying expensive bedsheets, you won’t be awake to appreciate them.
It’s __________ expensive bedsheets, you won’t be awake to appreciate them.
Perhaps Mary thought Steve was scruffy.
Steve __________ scruffy to Mary.
The tanning salon denied resposibility, even though their equipment was faulty.
Despite __________ equipment was faulty, the tanning salon denied responsibility.
If I wear a toupee to hide my receding hairline, nobody will let me forget it.
I’ll __________ I wear a toupee to hide my receding hairline.